There are many countries in the world that claim to be the first "true" Republic. Whether they are right or not, the concept of Republic is a very old one. In fact, different civilizations have adopted different types of republican systems for centuries. In all honesty, many of these civilization adopted a limited form of the republican system but still contributed to the ideology that most countries adopt today in one form or another, the representation of all the people.
The Romans and the Vikings were probably the first non-natives to visit the Americas. Although not a well known fact, Roman coins were found in Canada, Florida and South America. Whether Romans did visit out of exploration or due to a shipwreck is unknown as no records remain of their visit. However, we do have records of Vikings' explorations of Northern Canada. The Viking did name the new continent but they also abandoned the New World thus making their exploration more a visit than a discovery. Thus, the naming of the new Continent did not happen until few years after Columbus' arrival to the new world. It took 15 years until another Italian explorer would be responsible for naming the New World.
Pizza is one of the most popular food in the world with consumption in the millions in every country of the world. These rounded, thin, flatbread with a variety of condiments are the real first street food of antiquity. Certainly, the historical birth saw the first pizza maker screaming "Eureka!" out of pure joy after the creation of this masterpiece. Unfortunately, this is not the case. In fact, there was no addition to a cookbook or official date of "discovery". On the contrary, the birth of pizza is a symbol of food evolution driven by necessity and poverty. Nevertheless, even if the exact birthdate of pizza is unknown, the story of its evolution can help us appreciate the historical birth of Pizza.
In the absence of a full moon the streets of ancient cities were pitch dark with almost no visibility. Muggers, thieves, and assassins thrived at night thanks to their ability to hide and surprise the unfortunate wanderer. In order to protect its citizens, ancient cities had to find ways to shine light on dark streets.
The origin and invention of paper is a natural evolution of papyrus and parchment but made with a very different profess and with a unique history. Understanding who invented paper and how it replaced previous materials will make you appreciate even more this material. a different history and process. In fact, paper is one of those essential inventions that we really can't live without. Mail, bills, books, newspapers, receipts, checks, journals, and even money are all based on the invention of Paper.
Eureka is a word that was more common in the past but it's still relevant nowadays. The expression is mostly used to express triumph especially as a result of a discovery or brilliant intuition. In 1963, Eureka became also the State motto of California. "Eureka" itself is a very old expression that has a very precise origin connected with an ancient Discovery.